Henri Bergson ( – ) introduced new life to French philosophy, Duration and Simultaneity deals with one of the great Bergsonian themes, time. Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Time, Duration and Freedom – Bergson’s Critical Move Against Kant. Time Duration and Simultaneity . Chia (), inspired by process philosopher Henri Bergson’s thinking about time, argued against the way knowledge about.

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Bergson allowed the book to be reprinted up to the sixth edition in Here we find Bergson’s connection to American pragmatism.

But it snd here because the observ- able phenomena are not the same in the two cases.

Given any two time-measuring devices whatever nat ho 0s ; ;S C,al ; giVen ‘ consequently, two motion. Only those contemporaneous events in S remain contemporaneous in S’ which are situated in the same plane perpendicular to the S system’s direction of motion.

If we then refer to two external flows which take up the same duration as being “simultaneous,” it is because they abide within the duration of yet a third, our own. Lest it should seem too abstract, however, let us apply it to a particular case.

It was, how- ever, not possible to get more than a provisional understand- ing from it. Even this image is incomplete, because the wealth of colouring is forgotten when it is invoked.

When this illicit desire arises, there will be resistance from society but also from his habits. The duration is that to which everything is related and in this sense it is simulhaneity. The reader must be left to appraise this procedure for himself. How could an idea categorically demand its own realization?

In particular, two aspects of Bergson’s thought attracted Deleuze. Intuition is fundamentally un-representative. Paul journeys at high uniform speed to a distant star and returns two years older, according to his clock and his physical condition. But, siimultaneity painful aspiration develops into a sense of being superior. It is the idea of an original vital principle.

Henri Bergson (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

It therefore becomes Bergson’s pur- pose in Duration and Simultaneity to demonstrate: An individual attached to system S, perceiving S’ and fixing his attention upon a clock-second in S’ at the exact moment of the doubling, would see the second of S growing longer m Eimultaneity like an elastic band being stretched, like simulttaneity arrow seen under a magnifying glass.


Ashley Audra and Cloudsley Brereton. Since space is a homogeneous, quantitative multiplicityduration becomes juxtaposed and converted into a succession of distinct parts, one coming after the other and therefore “caused” by one another.

As Deleuze will show in his cinema books, however, Bergson does not recognize the novelty of this artform. But as a consequence it dealt with it hesitantly and incompletely. Manchester University Press, 42— From a principle immanent in its method, it sacri- fices something to an hypothesis which is immediately verifi- able and which gives useful results right away.

It is therefore by means of optical, or, more generally, electromagnetic, sig- nals that the two operators have been obliged to communicate with each other. Of these two acts, the first is the essential one in the measurement of time. On the other hand, a journey of two years would lead at once to an impossibility.

We could be walking day and night. I have repeated the syllogism several times, in several places, but without eliciting a single answer to the question, which of its elements is faulty, and without a single acceptance of simulaneity conclusion from any not previously convinced of it. It can only be grasped through a simple intuition of the imagination.

Henri Bergson

A melody to which we listen with our eyes closed, heed- ing it alone, comes close to coinciding with this time which is the very fluidity of our inner life; but it still has too many qualities, too much definition, and we must first efface the dif- ference among the sounds, then do away with the distinctive features of sound itself, simulganeity of it only the continuation ot what precedes into what follows and the uninterrupted transition, multiplicity without divisibility and succession with- out separation, in order finally to rediscover basic time.

What is immediately given to our per- ception, we explained, is a continuity of extension upon which qualities are deployed; more especially, it is a visual continuity of extension, and, therefore, of color.


The primary requirement of this theory is that all events are analyzable into occurrences at point-instants, and this is incompatible with the postulate of relativity. Science can and must retain of reality what is spread out in homogeneous, measurable space.

But if he were to wonder what he was measuring, if he were to fix his attention upon time itself, he would necessarily pic- ture succession, and therefore a before and duratioh, and conse- quently a bridge between the two otherwise, there would be only one of the two, a mere snapshot ; but, once again, it is impossible to imagine or conceive a connecting link between the before and after without an element of memory and, conse- quently, of consciousness.

The theoreticians of relativity never mention any simultaneity but that of two instants. To Bergson, however, time lived is an absolute thing, no matter whether simultnaeity is Peter or Paul wno lives it. There is a rumor that he had converted to Catholicism near the end of his life, but there is no document to support this rumor. Bergson’s answer — his third step — is that, because at the periphery of intelligence a fringe of instinct survives, we are able fundamentally to rejoin the essence of life.

The Meaning of Relativity. Not being “pasted” to a time bergsson is either lived or livable, they are purely fictional, in no way comparable to the actually lived time of the physicist in S. Retrieved from ” https: Now, nothing prevents us from assuming that each of us is tracing an uninterrupted motion in space from the begin- ning to the end of his conscious life.

Mirror Sites View this site from another server: This series of acts is why Bergson calls intuition a method.