Published in English. Pages, ISBN · · OCLC · Compendium Maleficarum is a witch-hunter’s manual written in Latin by Francesco Maria. The Malleus Maleficarum, usually translated as the Hammer of Witches, is the best known and Behringer, Werner Tschacher. , English, Malleus Maleficarum – The Witch Hammer, J. Sprenger, H. Kramer, trans. by Montague Summers. Compendium Maleficarum: The Montague Summers Edition. Front Cover . Materializing Gender in Early Modern English Literature and Culture · Will Fisher.

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It could easily be argued that the practices of the medieval Church would fall under this definition, but since most contemporaries would have excluded such practices from the category, we will also ignore these here, and conpendium as “magical” maleficarmu such practices as would not have been considered legitimate rites of the Church.

Section I examines the concept of witchcraft theoretically, from the point of view of natural philosophy and theology. If our historical memory can be truly purified, then the smoke from the Burning Times can finally disperse. The book is rather unclear, but the impetus behind male witches seems to come more from desire for power than from disbelief or lust, as it claims is the case for female witches. The Malleus englosh mentions astrology and astronomy, which had recently been reintroduced to the West through the ancient works of Pythagoras.

He was appointed as papal nuncio and his assignment as inquisitor was changed to Bohemia and Moravia by Pope Alexander VI in Engish Malleus Maleficarum and the witch craze that ensued took advantage of the increasing intolerance of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation in Europe, where the Protestant and Catholic camps respectively, pitted against one another, each zealously strove to maintain what they each deemed to be the purity of faith.

Compendium Maleficarum – Wikipedia

In the Spanish Inquisition cautioned its members not to believe everything the Malleus said, even when it presented apparently firm evidence. The third section is to assist judges confronting and combating witchcraft, and to aid the inquisitors by removing the burden from them. The Catholic Counter-Reformation would eventually even clmpendium this religious turmoil, but until then both the Catholics and Protestants constantly battled for what they believed was right.

Before it was rare for anyone to be persecuted for witchcraft, but the increasingly common persecution of heresy and failure to fully defeat those heretics paved the way for later criminal prosecution of witchcraft.

The recommended procedures include torture to effectively obtain confessions and the death penalty as the only sure remedy against the evils of maleticarum. The Malleus elevates sorcery to the criminal status of heresy and prescribes inquisitorial practices for secular courts in order to extirpate witches.

Cowan Limited preview – Latin Wikisource has original text related to this article: Witchcraft and Magic in Europe, Volume 3: Lack of intelligence prevents women not only from distinguishing good from evil, but from remembering the rules of behavior.


The invention of printing some thirty years before the first publication of the Malleus Maleficarum instigated the fervor of witch hunting, and, in the words of Russell, “the swift propagation of the witch hysteria by the press was the first evidence that Gutenberg had not liberated man from original sin.

Witches Use something of Religion in Healing Sickness.

Compendium Maleficarum: The Montague Summers Edition – Francesco Maria Guazzo – Google Books

Heinrich Kramer, the text’s demented author, was held up as a typical inquisitor. The difference is compenduum four signatories of the first part testify that engllsh have examined the treatises and endorse its text while in the second signing signatories do not assert that they have read the treatises but nonetheless express approval by explicitly restating some general propositions of the treatises and endorsing them instead.

An Encyclopediapp. Of the Trial by S1ngle Combat.

Malleus Maleficarum (1486)

However, if there was no confirmation, tortures could not be repeated, but it was allowed to continue them at the specified day: Valais witch trials —47 Val Camonica witch trialsNavarre witch trials Polula witch trials Lisbon witch trial Benandanti Fairy witch trials of Sicily Basque witch trials Roermond witch trial Spa witch trial Terrassa witch trials Werewolf witch trials Witch trial of Nogaredo —47 Salzburg witch trials —81 Northern Moravia witch trials Liechtenstein witch trials —82 Szeged witch trials —29 Doruchowo witch trial The Malleus Maleficarum was intended to implement Exodus Other editions – View all Compendium Maleficarum: It should be ensured that this treatise will become known to learned and zealous men, who will then, on the basis of it, provide various healthy and appropriate advice for the extermination of sorceresses [ And they shall also have full and entire liberty to propound and preach to the faithful Word of God, as often as it shall seem to them fitting and proper, in each and all of the parosh churches in the said provinces, and to do all things necessary and suitable under the aforesaid circumstances, and likewise freely and fully to carry them out.

Mackay explains the terminology at length — sorcerer is used to preserve the relationship of the Latin terminology.

Common terms and phrases Abbot afterwards Agnus Dei answered appeared Argument asked Baptism began bewitched Bishop Blessed Blessed Virgin Mary body born brother brought burned cause CHAPTER Christ Christian Church confessed crime dead death demon devil died Divine Enemy Eucharist evil example faith famous father fear fell fire gave girl Gregory Gregory of Tours Guazzo hand happened heard heretics Historia Holy Holy Lance honour horse husband Incubus Jesus John Rodker killed King lived Lord magic Malleus Maleficarum Martin Delrio matter ment mother named neighbouring ness night once ordered pain Peter poison prayer priest punishment Remy Sabbat Saint says seen seized semen servants sickness sleep Society of Jesus soon soul spell story Succubus tells terrible things thought tion told took torture town Virgin whole wife William of Newburgh wished witchcraft witches woman women wonderful words wretched writes young.

Authors naively assumed that the book painted an accurate picture of how the Inquisition tried witches. The Malleus Maleficarumed. It mixes elements borrowed from FormicariusPreceptorium divinae legis and Lectiones super ecclesiastes Some scholars have suggested that following the failed efforts in Tyrol, Kramer requested explicit authority from the Pope to prosecute witchcraft.


This literature is in most cases intensely misogynistic, in the sense that it is demeaning, if not blatantly hostile, to women. Arguments favoring discrimination against women are explicit in the handbook. Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies. Christopher Mackay, author of the modern academic translation of the Malleus into English offers rebuttals to arguments of proponents of this theory [] [] and in an interview gives an accessible summary:.

Cambridge University Press, edition in vol.

According to Diarmaid MacCullochwriting the book was Kramer’s act of self-justification and revenge. Whether this Magic can produce True Effects. Nonetheless, once the argument was put forward, it took on a life of its own, and people continue to advance arguments in favor of the idea that Sprenger’s involvement was a falsification perpetrated by Institoris, despite the fact that this argument was vitiated from the start. Some authors argue that the book’s publication was mzleficarum as influential as earlier authors believed.

According to the date on a document, the papal bull had been issued intwo years before the Malleus Maleficarum was finished. In Kramer’s view, women witches were out to harm all of Christendom.

Actually the Inquisition immediately rejected the legal procedures Kramer recommended and censured the inquisitor himself just a few years after the Malleus was published. Jenny Gibbons, a Neo-Pagan and a historian, writes: Men might be compendiuj magicians, anomalous archer wizards, or witch-doctors and superstitiosi, but very seldom did they work the broad range of maleficium typical of witches.

You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Then, at the prayer of some of those present, the prisoner is loosed again and is taken aside and once more persuaded to confess, being led to believe that he will in that case not be put to death.

This article about a manuscript is a stub. The argument was made in the nineteenth century by a scholar hostile to what the Malleus stood for that the approbation was a forgery by Institoris and that Sprenger had nothing to do with the composition. The Malleus went through 28 editions between and and was accepted by Roman Catholics and Protestants alike as an authoritative source of information concerning Satanism and as a guide to Christian defense [against acts of Satan].

Of Dioine and Supernatural Remedies. A similar criticism by Gianfrancesco Ponzinibio of Florence in was countered by the support of the Malleus position by the Dominican Bartolommeo maleficagum Spina in Caro Boja The Malleus Maleficarum[2] usually translated as the Hammer of Witches[3] [a] is the best known and the most thorough treatise on witchcraft.